Thai Language Grammar: Using “about”

In this post, we are going to learn different ways of using the word “ABOUT” in Thai language, so you understand how to express yourself correctly in different situations.

1. Preposition: gio-gap (เกี่ยวกับ)

When we what we are discussing, considering, or describing is concerning a particular subject, we use the word “gio-gap” (เกี่ยวกับ). It is often used with the word “reuang” (เรื่อง) which means “subject”, as a way of introducing a subject that we want to discuss.

– gio-gap reuang (เกี่ยวกับเรื่อง) (+ topic) = on the subject of ….

Observe the following examples below: 

yaa phood-len gio-gap reuang nan!
(Don’t joke about that!)

kao bawk chan gio-gap bpan-haa kawng-kao
(He told me about his problem)

phom gang-wun-jai gio-gap reuang phaw kawng-phom
(I am worried about my dad)

ter phood theung sing thee mai dee gio-gap mae kawng-chan
(She said horrible things about my mother)

gio-gap reuang ngeuhn thee chan dtid khun, chan sa-maad jaai-keun hai khun dai sap-daa naa
เกี่ยวกับเรื่องเงินที่ฉันติดคุณ ฉันสามารถจ่ายคืนให้คุณได้สัปดาห์หน้า
(About the money I owe you, I can pay you back next week)

2. Adverb: bpra-maan (ประมาณ)

When we guessing at an amount of something because we don’t know the exact amount, we use the word “bpra-maan” (ประมาณ). This has the same meaning as “approximately” or “roughly”.

Observe the following examples below: 

chan dteun-nawn bpra-maan dtee saam, chao nee
(I woke up about 3 am, this morning)

ter ja dtawng mee aa-yoot bpra-maan thao-gap khun
(She must be about the same age as you)

garn-deuhn-thaang ja chai way-laa bpra-maan sawng chua-mong
(The journey will take about two hours)

chan bpai bpra-thed Thai krang laa-sud meua bpra-maan neung bpee thee-laeo
(I went to Thailand last time was about a year ago)

3. Adverb: raow-raow (ราวๆ)

When we are guessing a number, amount, time without being exact, the word raow-raow (ราวๆ) is used. It has the same meaning as “round about” or “roughly about”.

Observe the following examples below: 

kao aa-yoot raow-raow dio gap luuk-chai kawng-chan
(He is round about the same age as my son)

phuak-rao bpai theung thee-nan raow-raow gao thum kreung
(We got there round about half nine at night)

man kung dtawng bpen way-laa raow-raow thiang-keun dtawn chan hen kao
(It must have been round about midnight when I saw him)